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We Make "U" Smile & the World Smiles with "U"
 
Implant Dentistry
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Introduction to Dental Implant

Implants are a state-of-the-art replacement for missing teeth. A dental implant is an artificial tooth root placed into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth – the crown - in place. The implant emulates the shape of the root and is usually made of titanium and other materials that are well-suited to the human body. The implant is surgically placed into the jaw and incorporates into the bone over time to become a stable base for crowns. Dental implants have been used for several decades by patients of all ages. They can replace a single tooth, several teeth or support partial or full dentures.

Procedure:

Firstly, the dentist will completely examine your mouth and teeth. This will necessitate compiling records that include study models of your mouth and bite, and specialized radiographs (x-rays), which may include 3D scans known as computerized tomograms (CT scans). Planning with the help of computer imaging ensures that dental implants can be placed in exactly the right position in the bone.

The way implants are placed depends on the patient, the type of implant and the tooth being replaced. Some implants can be fully placed in one day. Most implants involve two or three steps. First, the implant is placed into the jaw and the gum is secured over the implant. Over the next three to six months the implant will fuse with the jaw bone. Once the implant and bone have bonded together, the dentist may attach an extension, called an abutment, to the implant. In some cases, the implant and abutment are a single unit placed during the initial surgery. In others, a second surgery may be needed to attach the abutment to the replacement teeth. Once healed, the implant and abutment act as the foundation for the new tooth. In the final step, the dentist or makes a crown in the right size, shape and color to match your natural teeth. The crown is attached to the implant post.

Dental implants provide a good alternative for the natural tooth when it must be extracted. Candidates for implants should have good general and oral health, adequate bone support in the jaw and healthy gum tissues. Chronic illnesses, such as diabetes or leukemia, may interfere with healing after surgery and prevent successful placement of an implant. Other risk factors for implant placement can include smoking, poor bone quality, long-term use of bisphosphonate medications, and low estrogen levels.

Replacing a missing or diseased tooth with an implant has several advantages:

  • Natural appearance
  • Don’t require dental procedures on neighboring teeth
  • Reliable
Possible Complications:

  • Pain.  As with any type of surgery (oral or otherwise) you’re bound to experience some pain when you opt to undergo dental implants.  The process could take anywhere from about three to six months from the time you have the post set in your jaw to the time your cap is attached, and most of this will be spent waiting for the implant to take hold and your jaw to heal.  There will likely be bleeding and swelling initially (especially if stitches are required), as well as aching or outright pain.  But we will apprise you of this possibility and almost certainly prescribe painkillers to help you through the process.
  • Rejection.  In rare cases, dental implants fail to “take”.  While it is not always clear why this occurs, the prevailing theory is that the failure is caused by bacteria present in the mouth at the time of the implant procedure. Also factors like smoking or poor hygiene increase the risk of rejection.
  • Infection.  Proper oral hygiene is essential to ensuring that your implant has a long life.  When treated well, modern implants can last up to forty years without incident.  But if you fail to maintain your oral health with thorough hygienic practices at home and regular dental check-ups, then you should not be surprised if infections become a problem for dental implant survival.
Dental Implant Options:

Single Tooth Implant:
There is no better, long-lasting option to restoring a missing tooth than a dental implant fitted with a crown.

Multiple Teeth Implant:

Replacing multiple teeth using dental implants with individual crowns or with an implant-supported fixed bridge gives your teeth a level of fit, feel and functionality that is not possible with other treatment options.

 

All Teeth Implant/ Full Mouth Implant:

These can be of 2 types-

  • Implant Supported Fixed Bridge: Usually 4-6 Implants are placed in each arch and a fixed prosthesis is made on the support of those Implants.

  • Implant Supported Denture: Usually 2-4 Implants are placed in each arch and a denture is made on the support of the Implants. These are better than normal dentures due to added support and also preserve the bone which is lost in normal dentures.
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